ORDER OF SAINT DAVID AND SAINT NON

The Order congratulates Joanna Penberthy 
on being consecrated as the 129th Bishop of St Davids
on Saturday 21st January 2017

                               Hodgeston Church

Owned by and in the care of, the Friends of Friendless Churches

adopted by the  Order of St David & St Non.  

 

                                           The Interior

                  

                  

                  

 

                           A History of Hodgeston

H

odgeston Parish Church

The church consists of chancel (30 1/2 feet by 16 1/2 feet), nave (31 feet by 14 feet tower (13 feet square), and north porch. Its earliest parts are the nave and tower

The chancel was rebuilt in the first half of the 14th century, possibly under the direct influence of bishop Henry Gower 1328-1347, as has been suggested by Dr. E. A. Freeman. It has a triple sedilia and double piscina of decorated work; these are flanked on either side by stone benches. The windows are modern restorations. In the south-west angle are the rood stairs, whilst two corbels which supported the rood beam are in situ on the west side of the plain pointed chancel arch. The nave is plainly vaulted; at the east end of the vault are the remains of a vanished bell-cote. In the north wall is a blocked pointed doorway; to the right of the south doorway is a stoup recess. The tower of four storeys, the two lowest being vaulted; the ground chamber is entered only from the church. Instead of a battlement a plain corbelled parapet. On the north side of the tower is the turret stair, rising clear of the parapet. The ground storey is lighted by a modern window  which has been inserted above the still remaining original loop. The second and third stories are lighted by slits; the bell-chamber has to the east a double window with circular heads, and to the west a double light with square hood.The font bowl (27 inches square externally, and 20 inches internally, with a depth of 61 inches) is of cushion type; the east and west faces each bear a cross of quasi-early form. The bowl stands upon a circular shaft and square chamfered base; marks of a cover are visible.

In 1831 the entire building was in "a state of extreme dilapidation, the windows being blocked and partially destroyed, and the roof in a condition of complete decay."

 The bell, still in use, bears the legend + SANCTA + MARIA + ORA + PRO + .NOBIS + .  It dates from the mid-15th century.

According to the 1851 census of religious buildings the area of the Parish was equal to 709 acres and the population was 78 - 36 males and 41 females.

The space in the church was recorded as 8 free places and 40 allocated and Henry Hughes the minister records the attendance at the afternoon service  as being 80 which  is far more than the capacity of the Church and more than the total population of the parish.

The parish registers which are available in the Pembrokeshire county Record Office date back to 1766 although there is a Bishop's transcript available in the National Library of Wales  for 1686 - 87.

There was much rebuilding in 1851 and the church was restored 1880's.

Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.

This benefice was originally a free chapel, and in 1380 the patronage belonged to the heir of John Fleming,  Baron de la Roche. In 1487 the right of presentation   was vested in Henry Malenfant and Thomas Sturmyn,  the lords of the manor of Ogeston [Hodgestonl, being patrons for that turn. In 1594 one moiety of the patronage was owned by the Earl of Essex, who bought it from Wogan, and the other moiety belonged to John ap Res and the de Longueville family, the right of presentation being appendant to the manor of Hodgeston. - Owen Pem.

(1535) Ecclesia sive libera Capella de Hoggeston. - Beclesia sive libera capella ibidem ad donacionem domini de Ferrers et aliorum patronorum ibidem unde Johannes Luntley est rector sine terris et mansione. Et valent fructus hujus capelle communibus annis viij - i inde sol -  in visitacione ordinaria quolibet tercio anno xiij.d. Et in visitacione archidiaconi quolibet anno pro procuracionibus et sinodalibus v8 ixd. Et remanet clare £7 13s. 2d. Inde decima 15s. 3d. - Valor Eccl.

Under the heading "Livings remaining in Charge":- "Hogeston alias Hoston R. Visit. Ordinario quolibet tertio anno 1s. 1d PIOS. and Syn. quolibet anno, 5s.William Rachford and William Davies, 1675; Sir Arthur Owen, Bart., 1724, 1728; Lewis Pryse and John Howell Esq., p.h.v., 1757 - King's Books, £7 13s. 4d. Yearly tenths, 15s. 4d. - Bacon's Liber Regis.

(1786) Under the heading "Livings discharged":- Hogeston alias Hoston V. Clear yearly value £29. - Bacon's Liber Regis.

Philpe    1543  Churchwarden  Hogeston                PRO 223/423

Clergy

Yonge     Hugh    1380 Oct 25  Hodgeston rector                

Picton    Thomas 1381            Hodgeston rector               

Cole      John      1404 Jul 14   Hodgeston rector 

Smyth   John      1407             Hodgeston rector 

Malenfant John  1407 Nov 23  Hodgeston rector               

Persivall  Philip 1487             Hodgeston rector 

Mendus William 1487 May 10  Hodgeston rector              

ap John Philip   1534              Hodgeston rector              

Luntley John     1535-6          Hodgeston rector 

Laugharne Francis 1578        Hodgeston rector 

Owens Francis 1631 Nov 23   Hodgeston rector                 

Prichard William 1662 Oct 7  Hodgeston rector                 

Hitching Thomas 1675 Sep 6 Hodgeston rector                

Rowe Henry    1724 Jul 11    Hodgeston rector                    

Williams John 1729 Feb 15  Hodgeston rector                   

Williams George 1757 May 25 Hodgeston rector              

Jones George  1787 Nov 3      Hodgeston rector         married Miss Voyle of H'west

Owen Thomas 1829 Feb 16  Hodgeston rector                 

Hughes Henry 1851 Feb 18  Hodgeston rector

Thomas Richard James H 1858 Mar 26 Hodgeston rector

Davies Herbert William 1874 Mar 5 Hodgeston rector

Clunn William Davies  1879 Sep11 Hodgeston rector           

Edwardes David Edward 1888 Oct 22 Hodgeston rector        

Hogeston Hill Tumulus.

About 20 yds south west of Carew Beacon and on the south side of the Ridgeway is the site of a vanished tumulus, respecting which the following remarks appeared in Arch Camb 1851  II"One tumulus has been opened about thirty years ago (1826) and a skeleton found; stones also are said to have been removed."

Hodgeston Hall.

House of c. 1800. In 1787 the ownership of the estate was held in three shares, the largest being that of the Rev. Arthur Owen. In 1840 the same share was owned by Griffith Owen, and the occupant of Hodgeston Hall was John Owen. The house may possibly have served as a rectory: Thomas Owen MA. was Rector of Hodgeston from 1829. It is now a farmhouse.

 Historic Records.

1291. Recorded as Villa Hogges.

1348 September 24   Pembroke: Writ of certiorari de feodis etc., to John de Shol, escheator in Hereford and the adjacent March of Wales, 24 September, 22 Edward III Extent of all fees and advowsons of churches in the county of Pembroke, made at Pembroke on Thursday in the feast of St Michael de Monte Tumba, 22 Edward III.

 Jurors; John Cantrel, William Adam, William Robelyn, Thomas de Castro, Andrew Wysman, John Beneger..... John Rou, John Robyn, William Parttrahan, John Hilton and Henry Beneger.

......Ogiston half and quarter fee held by William de Rupe, worth yearly £10 ....

1376 20 November. IPM, Edward III,  248,  f. 105

Writ of certiorari de feodis, d. 20 November,  49 Edward III. Edward de Brigg. Extent.  .. 49 Edward III.

Jurors:  Richard de Houton,  Roger Creytol,  Henry Brace, Richard de Brompton, John de Mulle,  Hugh Wrembrugge,  Walter Keveryk,  Walter Bisshewall, John Kawerose,  Walter Rouse, Henry ap Ieuan,  Walter Heynes.  

 John de Hastinges late Earl of Pembroke,  deceased,  held the undermentioned  fees and advowsons of the king in chief,  viz.:   ...... a moiety and Quarter of a knight's fee in Hoggeston,  held by William de Rupe,  and worth in gross 100s yearly;  ......

1403. Also on 13 October, in the year abovesaid, the bishop collated, to Master John Colle clerk, at Charleton, the free Chapel of HOGGESTON of his collation and diocese, vacant by the death of Master Thomas Picton, last rector or warden of the same;

[Marginal note.] Void because it does not take effect as appears below.

1404 July 14. Also on 14 July in the year abovesaid, at Charlton, the bishop collated to Master John Cole  the free Chapel of OGESTON, vacant by the death of Sir Thomas Pycton, last rector or warden of the same,

1407 February.

Guy, etc., to John, prior of the priory of St. Thomas the Martyr, Haverford, greeting, etc.

Order, - Although all and singular who hinder or disturb, cause others to hinder or disturb, or ratify these things done in their name, any persons whatsoever holding ecclesiastical benefices and any one of them from being able to dispose freely in respect of such their benefices of the tithes, profits, rents, fruits and oblations of the same, or who lightly withdraw, carry away or take away, cause or procure to be withdrawn, carried away or taken away, tithes, fruits, rents, profits and oblations, beyond and contrary to the will of rectors and vicars and other ecclesiastics, or ratify such withdrawal, carrying away and taking away, done in their name, are in the constitutions of the holly father, in the condemnation of the sentenced the greater excommunication, nevertheless some sons of iniquity, satellites of Satans unmindful of their own salvation, have hindered and disturbed and still disturb Master John Cole, rector or warden of the free chapel of Ogiston, from being able to dispose freely in respect of his said chapel of the tithes, profits, fruits, rents and oblations of the same free chapel, as of right he should, and have ratified and still ratify such impediment and disturbance done in their name; and such his tithes, fruits, rents, profits and oblations, beyond and against his will, they have withdrawn, carried and taken away, caused or procured to be withdrawn, carried and taken away, and have ratified the withdrawal, carrying and taking away, done in their name, and still illegally detain such tithes etc. withdrawn, carried away and taken away, incurring the condemnation of the said sentence of the greater excommunication under which they still remain to the grave peril of the souls of themselves and of others Willing to have dealings with the same, and the great prejudice of the said Master John and his chapel aforesaid. Wherefore we commit unto [and] firmly enjoining in virtue of obedience and under pain of the greater excommunication command you that you solemnly pronounce in your churches during the solemnisation of mass when the number of people present is largest, with ringing of bells, with the cross Uplifted, with candles lighted and thrown to the ground for their Condemnation, and the other solemnity usual in such denunciation, you denounce all and singular such malefactors as having been so excommunicated generally, and as being excommunicated, not ceasing from such denunciation until you have other mandate from us. Dated on the day and in the year and place abovesaid.

And like mandates went out to the rector and the vicar of Carrew; the rector and the vicar of Manerbeere; and the rector of St. Giles; and to all curates of the same deaneries.

1407  November 24. On the 24th day of the same month etc. he admitted Sir John Malenfant, priest, to the free chapel of HODGESTON of the diocese of St. David's, vacant by the free resignation of Master John Smyth last rector of the same.

1486. Philip Percival held the living of Talbenny and the free chapel of Hodgeston.

1487  10 May. On 10 May at the manor of Lantfey, one Sir William Mendes then vicar of Lantfey aforesaid was admitted to the free chapel of Hogeston vacant by the death in the course of nature of Sir Philip Persivall last warden of the same.

1513.

Henry king of England etc.,.  to Edward etc., bishop of St David's greeting. Whereas you and the rest of the prelates and clergy of the province of Canterbury assembled in the last convocation or holy synod of such prelates and clergy in the church of the divine Paul, London, begun and celebrated on 6 February in the year 1511-12 according to the course and computation of the English Church and continued day by day unto and on 17 December then next following granted unto us for the defence and protection of the  Anglican Church and this our famous realm of England as well as to allay and extirpate heresies and schisms in the church universal which  in these days flourish more than usually, under the manners, forms, conditions, and exceptions written below , not otherwise not in any other manner , four tenths of all ecclesiastical benefices and possessions whatsoever , also of all benefices and possessions of alien priories whatsoever , being in the hands of whatsoever ecclesiastics or secular men of the said province, the specific exceptions within written only excepted, to be levied, collected and paid in the manner, form and terms following, namely one and the first tenth on the feast of St Martin in the winter next to come which will be in the year 1513, the second truly on the feast of St Peter ad Vincula then next to come which will be in the year 1514, and the third on the feast of the Holy apostles Phillip and James which will be in the year 1515, the fourth and last tenth truly on the feast of the said Apostles which will be in the year 1516 saving from the grant, levy, and payment of the said tenth etc., as it more fully appears in the said writ of the king hanging on the file of the year 1513.

Collectors of the first kings tenth to be paid on the feast of St Martin bishop and confessor above.

The prior of Pembroke collector in the archdeaconry of St David's.

The goods, church possessions and benefices, in the diocese of St David's which have been diminished , impoverished, and other destroyed by wars, fires, ruins, inundations of rivers and other misfortunes and chances deservedly to be excused from payment of the same four tenths according to the force etc., of the grant of the same by the authority of the said convocation follow and are these as appears on the other part of the folio here following etc.

In the archdeaconry of St David's are excepted the churches here underwritten:-

In the deanery of Pembroke  the underwritten churches are excepted.

Hodgeston (so it would appear that at this date the church was not in very good condition like most of the other churches in the area.)

1526  30 October, COURT ROLL, Portfolio 227 No. 44 County of Pembroke, held at Pembroke, on Tuesday, 30 October, 1526. before John Wogan, Ar., and William Owen, Gent., deputies of Rees Griffith, Ar., lieutenant of William Parre, Kt., steward of the county of Pembroke.

                              Suitors (Sectatores).

Walter Deveraux Kt Lord Ferrers and Charteley, lord of one-fifth part of the manor of Hoggeston, who holds the said part of our lord the king as of his county aforesaid by Cadwallader ap Howell his bailiff, came and asked to be fined for the remission of his suit of court this year, and was allowed, fine, 2s.

John Longvile Kt lord of another part of the manor of Hoggeston, divided into five portions, by Richard Wogan, the steward, came, etc. as above, fine 2s

Thomas Perrott Ar, lord of one-third part of the manor Hoggeston, petitioned  for several defaults this year 12d.

John Perrott, son and heir of William Perrott, late of Scottisburgh, as yet a minor; his lands, namely, one-fourth part of the manor of Hoggeston and of other lands, which are held by the king, are still in the hands of the king by reason of his nonage. Therefore his fine for suit of court, etc., is respited here.

Journal of the Historical Society of the Church of Wales vol. page 62.

1559 July 18th list of visitors (Western circuit - Wales + Hereford & Worcester) to administer the oath to clergy under the Act of Supremacy to enforce the use of the Prayer Book and to promulgate the royal injunctions.

Thomas Yonge 1507-68 - Born at Hodgeston educated at Broadgates Hall Oxford - principal there 1542-6 - precentor St David's in 1542. In 1559 with Metric and Constantyne involved in a violent quarrel with Bishop Ferrar -  who was Bishop of St Davids January 1560 translated to York 1561.

1550's Thomas Young  doctor of divinity held the  Chancellor of St David's held the livings of Spittal, Nash and Hodgeston. Because of the difficulties with Bishop Ferrar, found problems finding curates to work in the parishes.  He succeeded Bishop Morgan as Bishop of St David's and then advanced to the see of York. He was born at Hodgeston near Lamphey.

1562 Walter James leased Hodgeston rectory with its barns,  stables, orchards and outhouses to William Loughor,  but the indenture fell into Perrot's hands and he entered into possession so the said James had to appeal to the Court of Chancery for redress (PCC Evans  Sir John Perrot -  p 46).

1770  February 8 Pulchrohen

Rev. George Holcombe to Charles Moss Bishop of St Davids.

Mr. Seall the vicar of St Mary's etc Pembroke is now with me and has desired me  to present his duty to your lordship and to lay before you the following particulars: That, as he lives in Shropshire and has expectations, particularly from Lord Clive, whose Principal seat is in the parish where he lives he humbly and earnestly entreat that your lordship will be pleased to dispense for some time at least with his personal residence at Pembroke, and that he will take care that his parishes shall be served by an able curate who will perform the duty as fully and as conscientiously as he himself could do were he personally resident. That the principal inhabitants of his parishes have recommended to him Mr. Williams, the vicar of Hodgeston in the deanery of Pembroke, whom I know personally and who performs parochial duties both as a reader and preacher extremely well and who lives in the town of Pembroke and is a man besides of sobriety and of a good character. The present curate's name is Hughes, vicar of Landphey. The parishes do not much approve of him to continue the curate as his manner of reading and preaching is not so edifying, and indeed to my own knowledge I am certain that as an officiating minister he is greatly inferior to Mr. Williams. Mr. Seall seems to be a modest, well-meaning man and has desired me to address your lordship upon this affair previously to his writing to you which he soon himself intends to do. Your lordship's tenant of Castle Morrice has at length paid me the rent you expect of him.

Lucas MS. 2862.

1794 circa [St Petrox].

Extract from a Letter from Cha[rle]s Pigott Pritchett, rural dean of Pembroke, to William Stuart Bishop of St David's.

..... The state of the churches in my district is now become so decent and in tolerable order that it is unnecessary for me to trouble your lordship with particulars. I wish I had as good an account to give of many of the vicarage houses. That of Nangle stands in most deplorable condition, next to it Mannerbier, St Twinnels and the vicarage at Stackpole want thorough repairs.......

List of subscribers to the fund for the sons of the clergy:

Lady Owen Orielton                 £1-1-0

John Campbell, esq., Stackpole      £5-0-0

John Mirehouse, esq.,Brownslade    £1-1-0

Revd. C. Prichard, St Petrox         £1-1-0    

Revd. J. Bowen, Rosecrowther        £1-1-0

Revd. Mr. Buckridge Pulchroan        £1-1-0

Revd. G. Jones Hogheston             £1-1-0

Revd. J. Hughes Bosheston            £1-1-0

Revd. T. Wood Curate of Pembroke     £0-10-6

Revd. T. Hancock, Vicar of St Florence £0-10-6

Revd. H. Wood, Curate of Bosheston   £0-10-6

Church in Wales MS AD/AET 1209.

Pembrokeshire life 1572-1843.

1834 Topographical Dictionary of Wales.

HODGESTON, a parish, on the road to Tenby, containing 72 inhabitants. This parish is by some writers supposed to have been the site of an ancient religious establishment, of the existence of which, however, there are not the slightest traces, nor has it even a traditionary history. The supposition rests chiefly, if not entirely, upon the evidence of an ancient deed still extant, in which John Stackpool styles himself "Capel-lanus," and dates it from "Oggeston;" but there is every probability that the writer was chaplain of the Episcopal palace at Lamphey, about half a mile distant, and held the rectory of this parish at the same time. The living is a rectory, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St. David's, rated in the king's books at £7. 13. 4., and in the patronage of Sir John Owen Bart., for two turns and Prise Prise, Esq., for one. The church is a neat edifice, in the early style of English architecture, with a lofty square embattled tower. Dr. Thomas Young, formerly Bishop of St. David's, and afterwards Archbishop of York, was a native of this parish. The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor amounts to £57 14s.

Hearth Tax 1670.

Butler              John                1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths h2

Davis               William           1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths h1 

Eliot               Griffith            1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths P

Hill                George              1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths P 

Hinton              William          1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths h2 

Jones               Griffith            1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths P 

Keane               Henry              1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths h1

Kearn               Thomas           1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearth P

Langham             Elizabeth     1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths P

Marchent            George          1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths 

Prichard            William          1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths h3

Rice                George               1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths h2

Robbin              William           1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths P

Stafford            Thomas            1670            Hodgeston                               Pembrokeshire Hearths P

Land Tax 1791

PARISH AND PROPERTY                SURNAME             FORENAMES

Hodgeston                                                       Milford             Lord  (owner)      

Hodgeston                                                       Owen                Rev Arthur  (owner)

Hodgeston                                                       Owens               William  (tenant)  

Hodgeston                                                       Rogers              William  (tenant)  

Hodgeston                                                       Skone               John  (tenant)     

Hodgeston                                                       Vaughan             James  (tenant)    

Hodgeston Hall                                                Probine             William  (owner)   

Hodgeston Hall                                               Rogers              Thomas  (tenant)   

Hodgeston Rectory.                                         Jones               Rev George (owner) 

Education.

1847 Acc/to the State of Education in Wales report.

"On the 21st December I visited the parish which is a very small one containing only 6 farms and four resident labourers. Their children go to school in Lamphey which is an adjoining parish. The rector was non-resident; lives in Pembroke. The rate of wages here was much the same as at Lamphey  viz. 8s per week on an average. There was no school of any description in the parish either day or Sunday."

Population:

1563 number of Households 8.

1670 number of Households 14.

1801 number of Households 11.

 

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